HUMAN INTEREST

Female Genital Mutilation:Daylight Robbery Unpunished_Ada Nkong


Some of the cases we have of infidelity and broken homes are attributed to lack of sexual satisfaction. While for some it is a mind thing chances are that the female partner has no control whatsoever over the situation thanks to a barbaric and meaningless tradition called female circumcision or female genital mutilation.
Reasons differ from place to place. In some cultures, it is thought to be in the interest of the woman as it will lower libido and prevent promiscuity while in others, it is a rite of passage, failure to do which the girl child has not transited properly into womanhood.
The fanfare and preparation that accompanies this wicked and barbaric practice belies the evil that is being done to the girl in question. The pampering, new clothes, special attention all make it something to look forward to. Never mind the unimaginable pain associated with chopping off a part of the clitoris which is one very sensitive part of the woman’s genital and plays a role in sexual satisfaction.
Nigeria, due to its large population, has the highest absolute number of female genital mutilation (FGM) worldwide, accounting for about one-quarter of the estimated 115–130 million circumcised women in the world. In spite of all the advocacy ,sadly in many villages in Nigeria the practice lives on. However,countries throughout the globe perform it: Western, Eastern, and North-Eastern Africa, particularly Egypt and Ethiopia, and in parts of Asia and the Middle East (nearly half of its cases are in Egypt and Ethiopia). The prevalence of FGM ranges from 0.6% up to 98%.2 It was performed for about 140 million women and girls, 101 million in Africa alone.
Even some very educated people fall prey to tradition and are Brian washed into fulfilling ‘ the requirements’ for being accepted by society. As for the non educated, it is worse. The experience is one they cherish and recall to their children every chance they get.
An article by Manal Ibrahim Mahmoud in the Alexandria journal of medicine says out of 272 circumcised women examined the result below was gotten.
73.9% of cases experienced dysmenorrhea (OR = 3.750), 43.4% had obstructed labor (OR = 1.745) and 27.6% got postpartum hemorrhage (OR = 2.855). 48.9% of FGM was performed by dayas or midwives, 91.2% performed at home, 49.6% of type I, and 87.9% experienced complications. Cases had lower mean sexual function. 52.6% of cases were convinced with FGM.
This led to the conclusion that FGM was a risk factor for dysmenorrhea, obstructed labor and postpartum hemorrhage. Cases had lower mean sexual function; moreover, half of them convinced with FGM practice and with its continuation.
Female genital mutilation has four types. Type I is usually the removal of the clitoris and clitoral hood while Type II is the removal of the clitoris and labia minora. Type III involves the removal of all or part of the labia minora and majora, and usually the clitoris, with wound suture; a small hole is left for the passage of urine and menstrual blood, and the wound is re-opened for intercourse and childbirth. Types I, II, and III are performed for 85% of cases. Type III is the most common procedure in Djibouti, Somalia and Sudan, and in parts of Eritrea, Ethiopia and Mali. Type IV however, is the miscellaneous procedures at the external genitalia, for example symbolic piercing of the clitoris or labia, cauterization of the clitoris, and cutting into the vagina to widen it.
Are there any medical benefits of this practice? Sadly no. On the flip side FGM has many health effects including recurrent urinary and vaginal infections, chronic pain, infertility, hemorrhaging, epidermoid cysts, and difficult labor. It has also its psychological impact and abnormalities in the female sexual function.
Why does it continue despite all the health risk attached to it? It is carried out on unsuspecting female children in most cases between the ages of four and puberty who do not know better and even if they did, can do nothing to stop themselves from being circumcised.
Is there any justification for tampering with someone’s sexuality and endangering the person’s life in the process? Absolutely none.
Today as we join the world to celebrate and advocate against female genital mutilation, let us raise our voices higher and push for definite legislation that criminalizes it. It is a form of stealing. Yes ,the sexual pleasure, health and self esteem of young women are being stolen through this practise while we look on. For avoidance of doubt in an experiment with the same number as control all cases experienced lower experience in all aspects namely sexual desire, sexual arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction, and pain,

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